TYPES, VARIETIES & CUTS
Cucumbers are part of the Cucurbitaceae family, which includes gourds, pumpkin, watermelon, and squash. There are hundreds of varieties, but the most common are the garden cucumber and English cucumber, along with specialty varieties such as Armenian and Asian cucumbers, and lemon cucumber.
Garden cucumbers are dark green, thick and juicy, and usually waxed to keep moisture in. English cucumbers are longer and thinner with a lighter flavor and usually sold wrapped in plastic to preserve freshness.
For pickles, ‘burpless’ cucumbers are recommended, varieties with less bitterness that decrease burping. Some say, however, this is simply a marketing term for the Oriental trellis cucumber.
Sources: Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences Extension, Cucurbit Breeding Project, North Carolina State University / https://apps.bluebookservices.com
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